What is Coffee?

Everyone recognizes rabbit “coffee” beans, but you can not recognize an actual coffee plant. Coffea plants can be stored in small tiny plants for their energy and harvesting, but may be more than 30 feet (9 meters) high. Grown across each tree, rising in contrast to each other in the pair of candle leaves. Coffee stretches along the cherry branch. Because it increases in continuous cycles, it is not unusual to see flowers, green fruits, and mature fruits at the same time on single trees.

It takes approximately one year for a cherry mature after the first flower and increased to around 5 years to reach full fruit production. Coffee plants can live up to 100 years, but generally, it is most effective in the age of 7 to 20 years. Depends on different types of care and can increase their production over the years. The average coffee tree produces 10 pounds of coffee cherry per year or 2 pounds of green beans.

All commercially grown coffee belts are a region of the world which grow well in the rich soil of the trees, with light temperature, frequent rain and shady sun.

Type of “Coffee”Size (ounces)Caffeine content (mg)
Brewed single-serve varieties875-150
Espresso, restaurant-style145-75
Specialty drink (latte or mocha)863-175

Botanical classification:

Coffee traces to a descendant of plants known as its origin coffin. There are over 500 species of the dynasty and 6000 species of tropical trees and shrubs. Experts speculate that there are anywhere from 25 to 100 species of coffee plants

In the 18th century, the Swedish botanicist, Carolus Lynaus, described the first letter, which in 1753 described the coffees arakika in its species plant. Botanics have disagreed since the proper classification, since coffees plants can be broadly expanded, they can be small shrubs in tall trees, ranging from one to 16 inches in size and from purple or yellow to the darkest green color.

In the commercial coffee industry, there are two important coffee species – Arakika and Rabasta.

Coffea Arabica — C. Arabica

Varieties: Bourbon, Typica, Caturra, Mundo Novo, Tico, San Ramon, Jamaican Blue Mountain

Coffee Arakya has come out of the basic coffees plant discovered by Ethiopia. This tree produces a fine, light, aromatic coffees and represents about 70% of the world’s coffees production. Beans are elongated with noise and more robusta and less of caffeine.

In the world market, Arakan coffees brought the highest price. Good alabiyah high-spun coffees – usually ranged from sea level to between 2,000 to 6,000 feet (610 to 1830 meters) – although it is close to the underground region at optimal altitude.

The most important reason is that the temperature is light, between 59-75 degrees Fahrenheit, there should be about 60 inches of rainfall annually. The trees are hearty, but a heavy snowfall will kill them.

Landscape trees are expensive for cultivation, because the ideal terrain is stagnant and access is difficult. Also, due to more diseases than trees, they require additional attention and attention.

Coffee canephora — C. canephora var. Robusta

Variety: Robusta

The world’s largest producers are grown in parts of Southeast Asia, including Brazil and Indonesia, including Central and Western Africa, Indonesia and Vietnam. The production of rubber is increasing, although it is more than just 30 percent of the world market.

Robusta is primarily used for mixing and instant coffees. The Robusta beans tend to be a little protector and smaller than an Aragon bean itself.

Robusta tree is more resistant to heart and disease and parasite, which makes it easier and cheaper to cultivate. It also has the advantage of being able to deal with warmer climates, choosing the steady temperature between 75 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit, which is much higher than Araku.

It needs about 60 inches of rainfall annually, and cannot resist frost. Compared to Antakya, raspberry beans produce a coffee that has a distinct taste and about 50-60% more caffeine.

The Anatomy of a Coffee Cherry:

The beans you cut are actually processed from a fruit and called roasted seeds, which is a coffee cherry.

Coffees is called outer skin exocarp of Cherry. It is below the mesocarp, a thin layer of mandap, followed by a sparkle layer called pentrantima. Peas are covered in paper-like envelopes, which are called endocrats, more commonly known to the skin.

There are two beans alongside dermatitis, each with a separate thin membrane. This is the biological name for seed skin sperm, but it is usually called in coffee trade as silver leather.

About 5% of the world’s coffees, there is only one bean inside the cherry. It is called a paribri (es) or a shariol, or “snail” and it is a natural transformation. Some people believe that prophets are actually more tasty than peas and standard peas, so they are sometimes sorted manually for special reaction.

Coffee Benefits:

The potential health benefits associated with drinking coffee include protecting against type 2 diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, liver disease, liver cancer, and promoting a healthy heart.

Other possible benefits:

Studies have suggested that coffee may:

  • help prevent premature death
  • reduce mortality
  • protect against cirrhosis
  • reduce the risk of multiple sclerosis
  • protect against colorectal cancer


Regular black coffees (without milk or cream) has a very low-calorie count. A typical cup of black coffee only contains around 2 calories.

However, if you add sugar and milk, the calorie count can shoot up.


Too much coffees can cause some very unpleasant adverse effects. The researchers at the University of Oklahoma said in a study that “Caffeine may be the cause of anxiety symptoms, especially in pre-existing anxiety disorders especially among the weak patients.”

Furthermore, “caffeine use is associated with the symptoms of individual medicines or toxicity or a theory that caffeine itself changes in mood.”

Women who plan to be pregnant need to be careful. Researchers at Nevada School of Medicine in Medicine reported in the British Journal of Pharmacology that regular coffea could reduce the chances of a woman becoming pregnant.
Drug News examines the positive and negative effects of coffee consumption in an article in July 2012, coffee coffee: better than damages?

Other possible risks include:

  • Having a negative effect on cardiovascular health among young adults with light high blood pressure
  • Body clock interrupted

In one study, researchers have found the presence of mycotoxins in commercial coffee samples, which cause concerns about the risk of potential public health.

abcoulomb (abC)



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